|GK 2015 Question Bank CD -|
|National Awards||Bharath Ratna National Awards||Bharatiya Jnanpith Awards||National Film Awards|
Republic Day Gallantry Award 2011 :
The President of India on 25th, January 2011 has approved awards of 440 gallantry and other defence decorations to Armed Forces personnel and others on the occasion of the 62nd Republic Day Celebrations. This includes 5 Kirti Chakra, 21 Shaurya Chakra, 05 Bar to Sena Medal ( Gallantry ), 135 Sena Medal ( Gallantry ), 02 Nao Sena Medal ( Gallantry ), 03 Vayu Sena Medal ( Gallantry ), 28 Param Vishisht Seva Medal, 04 Uttam Yudh Seva Medal, 51 Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, 04 Yudh Seva Medal, 02 Bar to Sena Medal ( Devotion to Duty ), 38 Sena Medal ( Devotion to Duty ), 08 Nao Sena Medal ( Devotion to Duty ), 14 Vayu Sena Medal ( Devotion to Duty ), 02 Bar to Vishisht Seva Medal and lib Vishisht Seva Medal. In addition a total of five Mention-In-Despatches have also been announced for participating in Operation Rakshak.
On 26th January, 2011 the President conferred the Ashok Chakra Award on Major Laishram Jyotin Singh ( posthumous ), announced earlier on Independence Day, August 15th, 2010. The list of Kirti Chakra awardees includes: Major Rahul Gurung, Corps of Engineers / 12 Assam Rifles, Captain Deepak Sharma, Corps of Signals / 42 Rashtriya Rifles ( Posthumous ), Lieutenant Vikas Sharma, 6th Battalion the Parachute Regiment, Lieutenant Vikrant Ajit Deshmukh, 8th Battalion the Madras Regiment and Naik Rajinder Singh, 2nd Battalion the Rajputana Rifles.
National Bravery Awards 2011 :
Eight children from North-Eastern states are among the 23 boys and girls who received National Bravery Awards for 2010 from the Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh on 26th January 2011 for their outstanding deeds of bravery and meritorious services. * Geeta Chopra Award: 13 year old Km. Jismi RM. of Kerala who saved two children from drowning. * Sanjay Chopra Award: 11 year old Master Priyanshu Joshi of Uttarakhand who saved his sister from a leopard. * Bapu Gaidhani Awards : Master Vishnudas K. ( 17 years ) of Kerala, Master Moonis Khan ( 15 years ) of Madhya Pradesh and Km. Ipi Basar ( 16 years ) of Arunachal Pradesh .Master Vishnudas saved two children from drowning. Master Moonis Khan saved an old man from a railway accident while Km. Ipi Basar saved two lives in a fire incident. The Government has reserved some seats for the awardees in medical and engineering colleges and polytechnics.
The Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award 2011 :
The Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Award ( PBSA ) is the.highest honour conferred on overseas Indians. Pravasi Bharatiya Divas ( PBD ) is celebrated on 9th January every year to mark the contribution of Overseas Indian community in the development of India. January 9 was chosen as the day to celebrate this occasion since it was on this day in 1915 that Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest Pravasi, returned to India from South Africa, led India’s freedom struggle and changed the lives of Indians forever. PBSA is conferred by the President of India as a part of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas ( PBD ) Conventions organised annually since 2003 on a Non-Resident Indian, Person of Indian Origin or an organisation or institution established and run by the Non-Resident Indians or Persons of Indian Origin, who has made significant contribution in any one of the following fields:
- Better understanding abroad of India;
- Support to India’s causes and concerns in a tangible way;
- Building closer links between India, the overseas Indian community and their country of residence;
- Social and humanitarian causes in India or abroad;
- Welfare of the local Indian community;
- Philanthropic and charitable work;
- Eminence in one’s field or outstanding work, which has enhanced India’s prestige in the country of residence; or
- Eminence in skills which has enhanced India’s prestige in that country.
2011 Awardees : Sir Anand Satyanand from New Zealand, Prof. Veena Harbhagwan Sahajwalla from Australia, Ms. Lata Pada from Canada, Mr. Harindrapal Singh Banga from Hong Kong, Mr. Mohammad Munir Nazir Hassan Ansari from Israel, Mr. Upjit Singh Sachdeva from Liberia, Tan Sri Dato’ Ajit Singh from Malaysia, Mr. Saleh Wahid from Netherlands, Indian Community Benevolent Forum of Qatar, Dr. Mohiaddin Syed Karimuddin from Saudi Arabia, Mr. Mano Selvanathan of Sri Lanka, Mr. Mohan Jashanmal from UAE, Baroness ( Dr. ) Sandip Verma from UK, Mr. Ashook Kumar Ramsaran from USA and Dr. Rajiv Shah from USA
Tamil Nadu Kalpana Chawla Award 2011 :
The award for bravery, was instituted by the State Government in the name of the country’s first woman astronaut who perished in the Columbia space shuttle disaster along with six other austronants. The award would be presented each year on August 15th. The Tamil Nadu State Government’s Kalpana Chawla award 2011 went to Dr. S. Sangeetha, Revenue Divisional OfficeV, Tiruchi, who spearheaded the seizure of about 5.1 crore in cash found atop a private bus during the run-up to the Assembly election in April, 2011. The award carrying 5 Lakh, and a medal was distributed by Chief Minister J. Jayalalitha at the 65th Independence Day celebration.
2010 Winner : * Deepa of Madurai, a differently – abled woman who has won many medals in the international and Asian level athletic competitions.
Saraswati Samman Awards 2011 :
The Saraswati Samman is an annual award for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any Indian language. It is named after an Indian goddess of learning and is considered to be among the highest literary awards in India. It includes a monetary award of rupees five lakh ( as of 2006 ). The Saraswati Samman was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation. It selects an outstanding literary work written in any Indian language in schedule VIII of the Constitution and published within the last ten years.
List of Awardees :
- 1991 – Harivanshrai ‘Bachchan’ for his autobiography in four volumes
- 1992 – Ramakant Rath
- 1993 – Vijay Tendulkar
- 1994 – Harbhajan Singh
- 1995 – Balamani Amma for poetry collection Nivedyam
- 1996 – Shamsur Rahman Faruqi for Shevr – e Shor – Angez
- 1997 – Manubhai Pancholi
- 1998 – Shankha Ghosh for his anthology Gandharba Kabitaguccha
- 1999 – Indira Parthasarathy
- 2000 – Manoj Das for his novel Amrita Phala ( The Nectar Fruit )
- 2001 – Dalip Kaur Tiwana for her novel Katha Kaho Urvashi
- 2002 – Mahesh Elkunchwar for his play Yugant
- 2003 – Govind Chandra Pande for his collection of 163 Sanskrit poems entitled Bhagirathi
- 2004 – Sunil Gangopadhyay for his novel Pratham Alo
- 2005 – K. Ayyappa Panicker for his collection of poems Ayyappa Panikarude Kritikal
- 2006 – Jagannath Prasad Das for his collection of poems Parikrama written in Oriya
- 2007 – Naiyer Masud for his collection of short stories Taoos Chaman Ki Myna ( The Myna from Peacock Garden ) written in Urdu
- 2008 – Lakshmi Nandan Bora for his novel Kayakalpa written in Assamese
- 2009 – Surjit Paatar for Lafzan Di Dargah
- 2010 – S.L. Bhyrappa for his novel ‘Mandra’
Sahitya Academy Awards 2010 :
Sahitya Akademi Award is a literary honour in India which Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters, annually confers on writers of outstanding works in one of the following twenty-four major Indian languages: They are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. Established in 1954, the award comprises a plaque and a cash prize of 1, 00,000. The award’s purpose is to recognize and promote excellence in Indian writing and also acknowledge new trends. The annual process of selecting awardees goes on for the preceding twelve months. Poets dominated 2010 year’s Sahitya Akademi awards. For the year 2010, the awards were distributed on February 16th, 2011. Eight books of poetry, four novels, and three short story collections were selected for the award.
Poets : Aurobindo Uzir ( Bodo ), Arun Sakhardande ( Konkani ), Gopi Narayan Pradhan ( Nepal reproduction ), Vanita ( Punjabi ), Mangat Badal ( Rajasthan ), Mithila Prasad Tripathi ( Sanskrit ), Laxman Dubey ( Sindhi ) and Sheen Kaaf Nizam ( Urdu ).Veerendra Kumar ( Malayalam ). Novelist: Bani Basu ( Begali ), Esther David ( English ), Dhirendra Mehta ( Gujarati ) and M Borkanya ( Manipuri ). For short stories: are Manoj ( Dogri ), Uday Prakash ( Hindi ) and Nanji Nadan ( Tamil ). Critics Keshada Mahanta ( Assamese ), Rahamath Tarikere ( Kannada ), Basher Bashir ( Kashmir ) and Ashok R Kelkar ( Marathi ). Pathani ftittnaik ( Oriya ) won the honor for his autobiography and Bhogla Soren ( Santali ) for his book of the game.
Sahitya Akademi Children’s Literature awards announced :
Six novels, five collections of short stories, seven books of poetry and one book of folk tales and plays in 24 Indian languages have been selected for the 2011 Kendra Sahitya Akademi Awards for Children’s Literature. Akademi president and veteran Bengali writer Sunil Gangopadhyay announced the awards on August 16th, 2011.
Lifetime contribution: Five writers have been chosen for the Akademi’s Bala Sahitya Puraskar for lifetime contribution to children’s literature: Sailen Ghosh ( Bengali ), Shyam Dutt Parag ( Dogri ), Ramesh Parekh ( Gujarati ), Harikrishna Devsare ( Hindi ) and Maheswar Mohanty ( Odia ). Poetry: The winners of the awards for poetry include Ghulam Nabi Aatash ( Kashmiri ), Snehalata Rai ( Nepali ), Darshan Singh Asht ( Punjabi ), Abhiraj Rajendra Mishra ( Sanskrit ), Nuhum Hembram ( Santali ), M.L. Thangappa ( Tamil ) and Aasil Aseer Dehlavi ( Urdu ).
Short stories : The short – story writers selected are Maheswar Narzary ( Bodo ), Mayanath Jha ( Maithili ), Dileep Prabhavalkar ( Marathi ), Harish B. Sharma ( Rajasthani ) and M. Bhoopal Reddy ( Telugu ).
Novelists : Novelists selected for the awards are Bandita Phukan ( Assamese ), Siddhartha Sarma ( English ), Hundraj Balwani ( Sindhi ), N.D’souza ( Kannada ), Gajanan Jog ( Konkani ) and K. Pappootty ( Malayalam ).
Folk tales and plays : Shantibala Devi ( Manipuri ) has been chosen for her book of folk tales and plays.
The awards, each comprising a prize purse of 50,000 and a copper plaque, will be presented in November. Books published between January 1st, 2005 & December 31st, 2009 were considered for the awards.
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award 2011 :
The Bhatnagar Prizes are given to scientists below 45 years of age, for their outstanding scientific contributions made primarily in India during the last 5 years. The SSB Prize comprises a citation, a plaque and a cash award of 5,00,000/- ( Rupees five Lakh only ), and are given to the recipients by the Prime Minister of India. Eleven Scientist have been selected for Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar ( SSB ) Prize for Science & Technology for the year 2011. Till 2010, 463 scientists ( including 14 women scientists ) have been bestowed with the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize.
- Biological Sciences : Dr Amit Prakash Sharma of International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi & Dr Rajan Sankaranarayanan of CSIR Centre for Cellular & Molecular Biology, Hyderabad.
- Chemical Sciences : Dr. Balasubramanian Sundaram of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore & Dr. G. N. Sastry of CSIR Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad.
- Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean & Planetary Sciences : Dr. Shanker Doraiswamy of CSIR National Institute of Oceanography, Goa.
- Engineering Sciences : Shirshendu De of Indian Institute of Technology, Durgapur and Dr. U. Ramamurthy of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
- Mathematical Sciences : Dr. Mahan Maharaj of Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Howrah and Dr. Palash Sarkar of Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata.
- Medical Sciences : Dr. K.N. Balaji of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
- Physical Sciences : Dr. Shiraz Minwalla of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai.
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award 2011 :
Lal Bahadur Shastri award for professional excellence has been instituted by Lal Bahadur Shastri Institute of Management and Technology Bareilly to perpetuate the memory of Shastriji, It carries a Citation, a Medallion and a cash prize of 1 lakh. For 2011 the award was given to Dr. Kiran Bedi on March 15th, 2011. Raman Magsaysay award winner, and India’s first woman IPS officer, Kiran Bedi is globally respected for her lifelong crusade against social ills and corruption. She played important role in anticorruption movement.
Lokmanya TlLAK award 2011 :
The award was established in 1983.The previous recipients of this award included : Indira Gandhi ( posthumous ), Manmohan Singh, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, M.S. Swaminathan, Rahul Kumar Bajaj, Sivathanu Pillai, Montek Singh Ahluwalia, and Pranab Mukherjee and N. Ram, Editor – in – Chief of The Hindu.
Last year, the Lokmanya Tilak Journalist Award was given to Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dixit. Noted Scientist Dr. Kota Harinarayan was conferred with prestigious “Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak” Award 2011 for his outstanding contribution in the aviation sector on the 91st death anniversary of the freedom fighter. The award consists of a citation in gold and cash of Rupees one lakh. The DRDO scientist is credited with the successful design of the recently tested and cleared Light Combat Aircraft ( LCA ).
Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration 2011 :
Environmentalist, lawyer and former Union Minister, Mohan Dharia, has been selected as the winner of the 26th Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration. The 86 – year – old Padma Vibhushan awardee, currently runs the Vanrai NGO in Pune. The award carries a citation and cash prize of 5 lakh. It was presented by Congress Chief Sonia Gandhi on October 31st, 2011 at the anniversary of Indira Gandhi’s death.
The award, which consists of a citation and 2.5 lakh, presented by Congress president Sonia Gandhi at Teen Murti House on the death anniversary of the former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. The award was instituted by the Congress in 1985 to recognise distinguished persons for outstanding contributions to the cause of national integration.
1 lakh at Aligarh. The 75 – year – old Shahryar is a distinguished alumnus of Aligarh Muslim University who began his career as a lecturer in the Department of Urdu at AMU way back in 1966 and retired as its Chairman in 1996.
Known for setting a new trend for film songs in Bollywood, Shahryar is also the recipient of several prestigious awards including the Jnanpith Award, the highest literary award in the country.
Rabindranath Tagore Peace Prize :
Social activist Anna Hazare was on April 7th, 2011 announced the winner of the 2011 Rabindranath Tagore Peace Prize by the Indian Institute of Planning and Management ( IIPM ). The award is meant to honour people who selflessly work throughout his lifetime for the betterment of the society, working for the poor, the needy and the general public.
The award carries a cash reward of 1 crore, a gold medal and a citation. The anti – corruption crusader was selected for the award “to show I strong solidarity” to his determined and non – violent proiest against I corruption. The 2010 Rabindranath Tagore Peace Prize was won by social activist Iron Sharmila Chanu, the Iron Lady of Manipur.
Moortidevi Award 2011 :
The prestigious Moortidevi award, instituted by the Jnanpith Trust, has been conferred on noted poet Akkitham Achuthan Namboodiri. Vice President Mohammad.Hamid Ansari presented the 22nd ‘Moortidevi Award’ for the year 2008 to eminent Hindi writer and thinker Dr. Raghuvansh for his outstanding work “Paschimi Bhautik Samskriti Ka Utthan Aur Patan”. Malayalam poet Akkitham Achuthan Nambbodiri was chosen for the 23rd Moortidevi award for 2009. He was given this award for his work Akkitham ‘Achuthan Namppothiriyude Thiranjedutha Kavithakal’.
B.M. Birla Science Prizes :
The B.M. Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad, on October 3rd, 2011 announced B.M. Birla Science Prizes in Physics and Biology for the year 2010. While Mandar Deshmukh of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, and Sanjib Sabhapandit of Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, won the prize in Physics category, Patrick Raymond De Silva of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and Inderjeet Kaur of L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, bagged it for Biology.
Lata Mangeshkar Award 2011 :
Veteran Lavni singer Sulochana Chavan was honoured with the Lata Mangeshkar Award for year 2010. The award, instituted by the Maharashtra government comprises cash prize of rupees two lakh, a citation and memento.
Sangeet Natak Akademi Award 2011 :
Hindustani vocalist Girija Devi and Kuchipudi dancer Nataraj Ramakrishna were selected as fellows of Sangeet Natak Akademi for their contribution to performing arts. Thirty – eight people from the fields of music, dance, theatre and puppetry were selected for the Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards ( Akademi Puraskar ) for 2010 which include music writer Ashok D.Ranade and theatre personality Jaidev Taneja for their overall contribution.
- Channulal Mishra and Shri Yashpal ( Hindustani vocal );
- Budhaditya Mukherjee ( sitar );
- Nityanand Haldipur ( flute, Hindustani instrumental );
- Suguna Purushothaman
- Mysore Nagamani Srinath ( Carnatic vocal );
- Nagai R. Muralidharan ( violin );
- Srimushnam V. Raja Rao ( mridangam );
- M.V Simhachala Sastry ( Harikatha ) have been selected.
- Malabika Mitra ( Kathak )
- Kalamandalam Kombil Govindan Nair ( Kathakali )
- Phanjoubarn Iboton Singh ( Manipuri )
- Ratna Kumar ( Kuchipudi )
- Aruna Mohanty ( Odissi )
- Manik Borbayan ( Sattriya )
- Uttara Asha Coorlawala ( creative and experimental dance )
- Kalamandalam Painkulam Rama Chakyar ( other major traditions of dance and dance theatre – Kutiyattam ) and S. Rajeshwari ( music for dance – Bharatanatyam ) have been selected.
Theatre : Eight eminent persons have been selected: D. Vizai Bhaskar ( Telugu ) and Atamjeet ( Punjabi ) for playwriting; Veenapani Chawla and Urmil Kumar Thapliyal for direction; and Dilip Prabhavalkar, Banwari Taneja, Maya Krishna Rao and Swatilekha Sengupta for acting.
Other Forms : For their contribution to other forms of art, 10 artists have been selected. They are,
- Harbhajan Singh Namdhari for Gurbani Kirtan ( Punjab );
- Nazeer Ahmed Khan Warsi and Naseer Ahmed Khan Warsi ( joint award ) for qawwali ( Andhra Pradesh );
- Dwijen Mukherjee for Rabindra Sangeet ( West Bengal );
- T. Somasundaram for folk dance ( Tamil Nadu );
- Krishna Kumari for folk music – Bhakha ( Jammu and Kashmir );
- Chand Jagdish Tiwadi for folk theatre – Bharud ( Maharashtra );
- K. Chinna Anjannamma for Tolu Bommalata or shadow puppetry ( Andhra Pradesh );
- K.V. Ramakrishnan and K.C. Ramakrishnan ( joint award ) for Pava Kathakali or glove puppetry ( Kerala ).
Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award 2011 :
SPICMACAY, an institution working for the promotion of Indian classical music and culture among the youth, has been selected for this year’s Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award. Instituted in the name of the late Indian Prime Minister, the 19th edition of the award is being given to SPICMACAY for its outstanding contribution to the promotion of communal harmony, peace and goodwill. The award carries a sum of 5 lakh and a citation.
President’s Police Medals :
755 personnel have been awarded police medals on the occasion the Republic Day this year. President’s Police Medals for Gallantry to 1 personnel, Police Medals for Gallantry to 129 personnel and Presiden Police Medals for Distinguished Service have been awarded to 82 personnel. Police Medals for Meritorious Service have been awarded to 533 personnel.
Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2011 :
The Dadasaheb Phalke Academy awards, which coincides with the birth anniversary of Dadasaheb Phalke, Father of Indian Cinema, was hel on April 30th, 2011 at Bhaidas Hall in Vileparle in suburban Mumbai.
Veteran Tamil filmmaker K. Balachander, the director of hits like Ek Duuje Ke Liye and Sindhu Bhairavi and who has won numerous nation and Film fare awards, has been conferred the Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2010 for his outstanding contribution to the growth and development ol Indian cinema. The award is conferred by the Government of India fot outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema. The award consists of a Swam Kamal, a cash prize of 10 lakhs and a shawl.
Phalke Ratan Award : Dharmendra;
- Legendary Icon Cine Artiste Award: Asha Parekh;
- Legendary Artiste Award: Shatrughai Sinha.
The award for a particular year is given during the end of the following year along with the National Film Awards.
The Bombay High Court had directed the Directorate of Film Festivals of India ( DFFI ) to consider uncensored films for the competition, a case which DFFI contested and won in the Supreme Court in late 2006. The case had delayed announcement of the award for 2006, which was announced in the middle of 2008. The 2007 award which had to be announced at the end of 2008 was announced in September 2009. The 2008 award was announced on January 19th, 2010.
|Name||Area in sq.km.||Territories|
|Sahara||8,600,000||Algeria, Chad Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco. Embraces the Libyan Desert ( 1,550,000 sq.km. ) and the Nubian Desert ( 260,00 sq.km. )|
|Australian Desert||1,550,000||Australia, Embraces the Great Sandy ( or ) Warburton ( 420,000 sq.km. ) Great Victoria ( 325,000 sq.km.) Simpson (310,000 sq.km. ) Gibson ( 220,000 sq.km. ) and sturt desert.|
|Arabian Desert||1,330,000||Southern Arabia, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, includes the Ar Rab\'al Khale or Empty Quarter ( 647,500 sq.km. ) Syrian ( 325,000 sq.km. ) and An Nafud ( 129,000 sq.km. )|
|Gobi||1,166,000||Mongolia and China|
|Great Sandy||450,000||NW Australia|