11. Nuclear Medicine Technology :
Nuclear medicine uses the properties of radioactive atoms and molecules in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and in research. It uses radioisotopes to study the physiology and metabolism of the body.
Radiation detectors and imaging instruments are used to detect diseases as it changes the function and metabolism of normal cells, tissues and organs.
The qualified personnel can work as a nuclear medicine technologist, radiological safety officer, radio chemist, radiopharmacist, Pet technologist and application specialist.
As a professional in nuclear medicine you have to under go training in radio-biology, radiopharmacy, radiation pro-tection, Scintigraphic procedures, scintigraphic instrumentation, dose administration, human anatomy and physiology etc.
The major equipment used are isotope calibrator, Thyroid uptake probe, Rectilinear scanner, conta-mination monitor, gamma camera, SPET-CT scanner, PET camera, PET-CT scanner, Gamma probe, Medical Cyclotron etc.
They have to prepare the radiopharmaceuticals, dispense the medicine in adequate dose for the procedure, administer the dose, strictly follow the scintigraphic protocols, assess quality control parameters of the radio pharmaceuticals & the instruments, record keeping and provide radiation safety parameters.
Degree, postgraduate diploma and postgraduate degree programmes are offered in this field.
12. Podiatry :
Podiatry is a field of allied health sciences that strives to improve the overall health and well being of patients by focusing on preventing-diagnosing & treating conditions associated with foot and ankle.
The human foot is a biological masterpiece. It can be compared to finely tuned racecar, or a space shuttle whose function dictates their design and structure.
Human foot is complex containing 26 bones, 33 joints and a network of more than 100 tendons, muscles & ligaments.
An average day of walking brings a force equal to several hundred tons to bear on the feet. This explains why your feet are more subject to injury than any other part of body.
The podiatrist will assess and evaluate foot care for a wide range of patients. Podiatrists play a big part in keeping the patients mobile and make a real difference to their lives.
They may use biomechanics as a diagnostic tool. Sports injuries are mainly taken care by them. Some patients have no sensation in their feet. They can injure themselves with out knowing.
Patients in this category include those with diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, cerebral palsy, peripheral arterial disease and peripheral nerve damage.
Podiatrists have a vitally important role to play in the care of these people. Podiatry intervention in the case of these patients can reduce amputation rates by 40%. Podiatrists are of high demand in India and abroad.
Diploma and postgraduate diploma course are available.
13. Radiography or Medical Imaging Technology :
Diagnostic radiographers use X-ray, ultrasound, fluoroscopy, computerized tomography (CT), mammography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine and angiography, to produce images of organs and other body parts.
Radiographers perform X-ray examinations on patients in a variety of clinical settings. These examinations can vary from a simple hand X-ray to an examination of the kidneys after contrast media is injected.
Radiographers work in outpatient clinical settings, perform complex procedures in surgery, and work in hospitals performing examinations on patients of all ages.
The Diagnostic Radiographer is required to use clinical reasoning skills in making decisions regarding the nature and extent of individual procedures.
They are trained to recognize the normal and abnormal appearances of anatomy and pathology in order to initiate supplementary techniques to assist the health practitioner reach a definitive diagnosis and provide when requested an informed opinion to the referring health practitioner regarding the results of procedures, which assists the health practitioner in arriving at a correct diagnosis.
The diagnostic radiographer is responsible for the comfort and well-being of patients whilst they are in their care.
Diagnostic radiographers also have the opportunity to specialize in an imaging modality such as ultrasound, CT, MRI, etc.
Diagnostic radiographers provide a service for most departments of a hospital, including accident and emergency, outpatients clinics, operating theatres, intensive care units, and general wards.
In India diploma, degree and postgraduate courses are there in this field. Also students can under go specialization in a particular diagnostic radiography field.
Students can even approach the distance educational institutes in India and abroad for this discipline.
14. Polysomnographic Technology :
A polysomnographic technologist performs, monitors, and scores sleep studies. People with complaints of snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, restless legs, and other sleep-related problems have overnight testing performed in sleep labs.
Polysomnographic Technologist performs A variety of sleep studies, as directed by a physician. Measures electrical activity of patient’s brain waves and other physiological variables.
Calibrates and adjusts equipment, including trouble shooting minor problems.Collects and transmits biological specimens for analyses.Performs and records routine patient assessment.
Scores sleep records and documents other test results to aid physician in diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders.
One of the largest growing areas in sleep medicine is in the area of sleep-disordered breathing, especially Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), sometimes referred to as Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS).
An apnea is a cessation of either one or both respiratory effort and airflow for 10 seconds or longer. In India Polysomnographic Technology is spreading its wings recently. It is now associated with respiratory medicine.