Career Course : Career in Plant Breeding

Career in Plant Breeding


Career Course Details

Career Course in Plant Breeding

Plants and Flowers not only provide Aesthetic beauty to our Gardens and freshen up our lives, but also act as important Scientific Material for our basic needs and Medicines.

Plant breeding technicians provide Technical Support and Services to botanists and other professionals working in Agricultural and Plant Biology.They Research, Methods and ways of improving Plant Breeding. They produce new or improved plant and crop varieties better suited to environmental conditions and Commercial needs.

Plants are Chemical factories that produce all kinds of products useful to Humans. Besides Food, Plants provide Raw Materials for Paper, Building Materials, Solvents and Adhesives, Fabrics, Medicines, and many other Products.

For example, Aloe vera plants are used in Creams and Healing solutions. Therefore, plant breeding technicians will work on growing specific plants for specific purposes. They also test the chemicals produced by different plants to help scientists find new uses for them. For example, we use some other Plant Chemicals to treat certain types of Cancer.

Plant Breeding Career

Since the field is so broad, plant breeding technicians may specialize in various areas such as Plant Genetics, Conservation Work, Environmental Biology, Limnology ( the study of Freshwater Plants, Animals and Chemistry ), Mycology ( the study of Fungi ), or Taxonomy and Systematic ( the classification of Plants and their Relationships ). Some focus their work on field Studies, Searching for new Species to perform Experi – ments, while others study the Ecology of Plants, which is the interaction of plants with other Organisms and the Environment.

Plant Breeding technicians that perform conservation work use their Botanical knowledge to help manage Parks, Forests, Rangelands, Wilderness Areas and Breed Specific Plants within an Ecosystem. Public health and Environmental protection professionals depend on their understanding of Plant Science to help solve pollution problems. Some Plant Breeding Technicians organize and participate in field Inventories, Documenting species for various types of studies. Others work primarily in Research and Teaching. The results of Plant Breeding Research has increased and improved our supply of Medicines, Foods, Fibers, Building Materials, and other Plant Products.

Significance of Plant Breeding

Plant Breeding Technicians must have an interest in Nature and an appreciation for all forms of plant life. They should be quick learners and should have the ability to work outdoors for extended periods of time. They should also have a serious concern for the Environment, and interest in Protecting and Breeding endangered plant species. Most plant breeding technicians have the ability to work both alone or in teams. They should have strong Communication Skills, both Written and Oral, and Enjoy Synthesizing Biological information.

Plant Breeding Education

Plant Breeding technicians usually require completion of a one or two – year college Program in Botanical Technology or Plant Breeding Technology. Certification in Plant Breeding / Botanical Technology or in a related field is available through associations of technologists and technicians and may be required by some employers. Usually, a 2 Year period of supervised work experience is required before certification as a Plant Breeding Technician.

A post graduation in Genetics and Plant Breeding or a Ph.D in Genetics and Plant Breeding is preferred. These courses are offered exclusively in the Agricultural Colleges. A graduate degree in Agriculture is essential to pursue Post Graduate Course. The field is also open for Post Graduates in Botany. Botany students have to study basic courses of Agriculture in addition to the courses in Plant Breeding.

Distinct Types of Jobs in Plant Breeding

  • Set up, Operate and Maintain Laboratories for Botanical Breeding and Research.
  • Care for Plants and make sure they stay Healthy.
  • Assist in Genetic Research of Plant Breeding.
  • Collect Specimens and samples, and grow Cultures of Micro – Organisms.
  • Prepare specimens for examination and perform Experiments.
  • Write reports on Results and Findings.
  • Check the Quality of Plants.
  • Set up and maintain Instruments and Equipment.

Some Plant Breeding technicians work primarily Outdoors, Collecting and identifying Terrestrial and Aquatic Plants, taking samples, and Surveying and documenting Plant Communities. Others work primarily indoors in offices, Classrooms, Laboratories and Herbaria. Overtime work on evenings and weekends may be required, especially when Plant Breeding technicians have to meet deadlines. Yet, regular working hours are generally the norm for these technicians.

Career Potential Plant Breeding

With further Education and Experience, Plant Breeding technicians can become full Fledged Botanists. Then, potential for advancement as a Botanist usually depends on the individual’s university degree. They may find work as Interpretative Naturalists, Environmental Reclamation Technicians, or Laboratory technicians in Research Facilities. Many work as consultants in the Environmental, Horticultural and Agricultural Sectors, while others may decide to work in Research and Teaching. With additional Training, Plant Breeding Technicians can become Scientific Writers, Computer Programmers or Botanical Illustrators.

Plant Breeding Job Opportunities

A Plant Breeder utilizes a variety of methods for the production of improved plants. Plant Breeding is often considered an absolute necessity in Society today because of a requirement for new varieties of plants that are capable of adapting to changing conditions and also to satisfy the demand of consumers. Plant Breeding is a Science – based on principles of Genetics and Cytogenetics. It aims at meeting the ever growing needs of Food Grains and other plant based Raw Materials of the world by improving the Genetic makeup of the crop.

Improved varieties are developed through Plant Breeding. Its objectives are to improve yield, Quality, Disease Resistance, drought and Frost – resistance and other desirable characteristics of the Crop. Plant Breeding has been crucial in increasing Agricultural Production. It is now practiced worldwide by Government Institutions and Commercial Enterprises.

Plant Breeders can make a Career in Education and Research in 31 Agriculture Universities in the country, 40 ICAR Institutes, seed production Agencies of the government ( National Seed Corporation, State Seed Corporations, SFCI etc ). International Crop Research Institutes under CGIAR system also offer jobs to plant breeders. Indian Seed Industry, also offers large number of jobs. There are more than 200 seed companies operating in India. Now opportunities are opening up in International Seed Industry.

There are a variety of jobs awaiting students graduating in the field of Plant Breeding from University / College, as well as opportunities for existing breeding related workers in the industry. As within all fields, there will always be opportunities in Entry – Level positions and Management  / Research Positions for the more experienced. The following example provides an insight in what qualifications could be necessary for positions in general.

  • As a Breeder
  • Park Ranger
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Ecologist
  • Professor / Teacher
  • Farming Consultant
  • Researcher
  • Horticulturist
  • Nursery Manager


Plant Breeding Universities

Career Course in Plant Breeding

Workplaces, Employers and Industries for Plant Breeding

Plant breeding technicians work for Governments, Universities and Colleges, Research and Development departments in Large Corporations, Botanical Gardens, Herbaria and Museums, Biotechnology Firms, and Environmental, Forestry and Agricultural consulting Firms.

Employers of Plant Breeders

It is generally considered the major employers of breeders to be Educational Institutions, Governments, and Environment related Industries. The following lists are some of the types of employers that students graduating with degrees in Botany or Plant Breeding should consider.

Private Sectors

  • Drug Companies
  • Nurseries
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Food Companies
  • Oil Industry
  • Fruit Growers
  • Seed Companies
  • Chemical Companies
  • Paper Companies

Government Sectors

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research
  • Indian Forest Services
  • Departments of Agriculture

The following Universities are offering Plant Breedig Subjects :

Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University,
Hyderabad - 500 030.
Alagappa University,
Alagappa Nagar,
Karaikudi - 630 003.
Aligarh Muslim University,
Aligarh - 202 002.
Allahabad University,
Allahadbad - 211 002.
Amaravathi University,
Amaravati - 444 602.
Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam - 530 003.
Anna University,
Sardar Patel Road,
Guindy, Chennai - 600 025.
Annamalai University,
Annamalainagar - 608 002.
Arunachal University,
Rono Hills,
ltanagar - 791 112.
Assam University,
Silchar - 788 011.
Awadhesh Pratap Singh University,
Rewa - 486 003.
B.N.Mandal University,
Madhepura - 852 113.
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar University,
Muzaffarpur - 842 001.
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University,
Rae Bareilly Road,
Lucknow - 226 025.
Banaras Hindu University,
Varanasi - 221 005.
Banasthali Vidyapith,
Banasthali - 304 022,
Bangalore University,
Jnana Bharathi,
Bangalore - 560 056.
Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya,
Bhopal - 462 026.
Bharathiar University,
Coimbatore - 641 046.
Bharathidasan University,
Palkalai Perur,
Tiruchirapalli - 620 024.
Bhavnagar University,
Gouri Shenker Lake Road,
Bhavnagar - 364 002.
Bundelkhand University,
Jhansi - 284 001.
Ch. Charan Singh University,
Meerut - 250 005.
Chatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University,
Kanpur - 208 024.
Deendayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University,
Gorakhpur - 273 009.
Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya,
R.N. Tagore Marg,
Indore - 452 001.
Dibrugarh University,
Dibrugarh - 786 004.
Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Open University,
Road No. 46, Jubilee Hills,
Hyderabad - 500 033.
Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University,
Agra - 282 004.
Dr. Harisingh Gour Viswavidyalaya,
Sagar - 470 003.
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University,
Faizabad - 224 001.
Dravidian University,
Kuppam - 517 425,
Chittoor Andra Pradesh.
Forest Research Institute,
Dehradun - 248 195.
Guwahati University,
Gopinath Bardoloi Nagar,
Guwahati - 781 014.
Guru Ghasidas University,
Bilaspur - 495 009.
Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha University,
Kashmere Gate,
New Delhi - 110 006.
Guru Jambheshwar University,
Hisar - 125 001.
Guru Nanak Dev University,
Amritsar - 143 005.
Guru Nanak University,
Jalandhar - 144 022.
Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya,
Hardwar - 249 404.
Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University,
Srinagar - 246 174,
District Garhwal.
Himachal Pradesh University,
Summer Hills,
Shimla - 171 005.
Indira Gandhi National Open University,
Maidan Garhi,
New Delhi - 110 068.
Jadavpur University,
Calcutta - 700 032.
Jai Narain Vyas University,
Jodhpur - 342 001.
Jai Prakash Vishwavidyalaya,
Chapra - 841 301.
Jamia Hamdard,
Hamdard Nagar,
New Delhi - 110 062.
Jamia Millia Islamia,
Jamia Nagar,
New Delhi - 110 025.
Jawaharlal Nehru University,
New Mehrauli Road,
New Delhi - 110 067.
Jiwaji University,
Gwalior - 474 011.
Kakatiya University,
Warangal - 506 009.
Kannada University,
Kamalapura - 583 221,
District Bellary.
Kannur University,
P.O. Civil Station,
Kannur - 670 002.
Karnataka State Open University,
Mysore - 570 006.
Kerala Agricultural University,
Thrissur - 680 654.
Kumaon University,
Nainital - 263 001.
Kurukshetra University,
Kurukshetra - 136 119.
Kuvempu University,
Shankaraghafta - 577 415,
Shimoga District.
Madhya Pradesh Bhoj ( Open ) University,
Red Cross Bhavan,
Bhopal - 462 016.
Madurai Kamaraj University,
Madurai - 625 021.
Magadh University,
Bodh Gaya - 824 234.
Maharaja Sayajirao University,
Manipur University,
Imphal - 795 003.
Mizoram University,
Mizoram - 796 012.
Mohanial Sukhadia University,
Udaipur - 313 001.
Nagaland University,
Kohima - 797 001.
RTM Nagpur University,
Ravindra Nath Tagore Marg,
Nagpur - 440 001.
Nalanda Open University,
9, Adarsh Colony, Kidwaipuri,
Patna - 800 001.
Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University,
Raipur - 492 010.
Panjab University,
Chandigarh - 160 014.
Patna University,
Patna - 800 005.
Periyar University,
Salem - 636 011.
Purvanchal University,
Jaunpur - 222 002.
Rabindra Bharati University,
56A, Barrackpore Trunk Road,
Calcutta - 700 050.
Ranchi University,
Ranchi - 834 008.
Sardar Patel University,
Vallabh Vidyanagar - 388 120.
Saurashtra University,
University Road,
Rajkot - 360 005.
Shivaji University,
Kolhapur - 416 004.
Sri Krishnadevaraya University,
Anantapur - 515 003.
Sri Krishnadevaraya University,
Anantapur - 515 003.
Sri Padmavati Mahila Vishvavidyalayam,
Tirupati - 517 502.
Sri Venkateswara University,
Tirupati - 517 502.
University of Allahabad,
Allahabad - 211 002.
University of Burdwan,
Bardhaman - 713 104.
University of Calcutta,
Calcutta - 700 073.
University of Calicut,
Calicut - 673 635.
University of Delhi,
Delhi - 110 007.
University of Hyderabad,
Hyderabad - 500 046.
University of Jammu,
Baba Saheb Ambedkar Road,
New Campus, Jammu ( Tawi ) - 180 006.
University of Kashmir,
Srinagar - 190 006 ( Jammu & Kashmir ).
University of Kerala,
Thiruvananthapuram - 695 034.
University of Lucknow,
Lucknow - 226 007.
University of Madras,
Chennai - 600 005.
University of Mumbai,
M.G. Road, Fort,
Mumbai - 400 032.
University of Mysore,
Crawford Hall,
Mysore - 570 005.
University of Pune,
Pune - 411 007.
University of Rajasthan,
Jaipur - 302 004.
University of Roorkee,
Roorkee - 247 667.
Utkal University,
Vani Vihar,
Bhubaneswar - 751 004.
Veer Kunwar Singh University,
Arrah - 802 301,
Vidyasagar University,
Midnapore - 721 102.
Vikram University,
Ujjain - 456 010.

Agricultural Science is taught in ICAR Institutes Based Deemed – to be Universities such as Indian, Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi and other institutions namely BHU Varanasi, AMU Aligarh, Vishwa Bharti and AAI Allahabad.

Scholarship for Plant Breeding Career Course

A large number of Scholarships are offered by State Government as well as ICAR at under graduate as well as post graduate level. In State Agricultural Universities monthly stipend is given to all the under graduate students. Besides the scholarships offered by the State Government ICAR offers National Talent Scholarship to first 230 meritorious candidates in the exam conducted by ICAR in each of the ten subjects provided in any Institution not falling in his / her own home State.

ICAR holds an All India Entrance Examination for Admission to Under Graduate Program and Award of National Talent Scholarship in Agricultural and Allied Subjects other than Veterinary Science ( AIEEA ) for filling up 15% of the total number of seats in State Agricultural Universities, Central Agricultural University.

At the post graduate level also respective State Governments as well as ICAR offers a number of scholarships. ICAR conducts an All India Entrance Examination for the award of ICAR’s Junior Research Fellowships ( JRF ) and admission to 100% seats of Master’s Degree Program at IARI, IVRI, CIFE, NDRI and 25% seats at all the SAD’s CAU, and Central Universities in the field of Agricultural, Veterinary & Allied Sciences. Nearly 500 Scholarships are offered by the ICAR.

The Fellowships at present are at the rate of Rupee 12,000/- per month for JRF, Rupee 18,000/- per month for SRF, Rupee 23,000/- per month for Research Associates and Rupee 24,000/- per month for that Research Associate who has Ph.D degree awarded. Besides, Scholarship offered by CSIR is also open for post graduate students.


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