Career in Computer Software Development
If there were to be one major factor of technological revolution in the modern age, the answer would invariably go to a computer. Life in the 21st century is being governed by computers. This sleek device has changed the very way the world goes about its business. From our living rooms to office apartments in high – rise buildings, the computer has pervaded our lives beyond extrication and finds application in a large number of human activities.
The importance the computer has come to occupy in our lives renders it the status of a non – disposable necessity of our civilization. If you are technologically driven and love to work with computers, a career in Computer Software Development is just right for you. This is a field, which is growing by leaps and bounds and promises to hold a lot of reward in terms of money. A Computer Software is a Program used to direct the operation of a computer, as well as documentation giving instructions on how to use them.
It is different from Computer Hardware by the fact that hardware comprises the Mechanical, Magnetic, Electronic and Electrical Devices used to make a Computer System, as the Central Processing Unit, Disk Drives, Keyboard or Monitor. A Computer Software is made to run by the use of Computer Hardware. Thus Computer Software is a set of programmed instructions that enable a computer to perform specified functions. There are mainly two kinds of jobs in Computer Software – Manufacture and Software Development. In Manufacture, system programming is done so as to enable the computer to work.
The applications of computer science and the principals of telecommunication are combined together in this fled. The field of manufacture requires creativity, high technological expertise and analytical reasoning. On the other hand, in Software Development, existing operations are updated, improved and refined for use in the future. Using the procedures of Analysis, Design, Construction and Implementation does this.
Thus, in the face of changing needs, soft wares are continuously upgraded, with new additions and modifications, so that computers are enabled to perform a variety of jobs. Thus, Software Development is a continuous process with a large number of different jobs and applications for the computer. This makes the field, an ever – expanding and continuous one, which has a lot of job opportunities.
Different Computer Softwares
- System Softwares : Programs controlling the computer’s mode of operation.
- Application Softwares : User – friendly programs specially designed to take care of a customer’s basic needs or to run the day – to – day affairs of an organization.
- Application Packages : Usage Programs allowing for complicated calculations, writing of reports, making presentations, drawings, etc.
Eligibility for Computer Software Development :
The high – end jobs in Software Development are performed by Software Engineers. One should be a qualified Computer / Information Technology or Electronics Engineer in order to work as a Software Engineer. The minimum educational qualification required to study engineering in these disciplines is the successful completion of the 10+2 level of education with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the subjects.
One can also acquire a Degree in MCA ( Master of Computer Applications ) in order to work as a Soft ware Engineer. If one is a plain science or commerce graduate, but one wants to work as a Software Engineer one should be trained in a particular computer language or application process. The minimum eligibility criteria in order to work as a Design / Soft ware Engineer is a Degree in Electronics / Computer Engineering.
Successful completion of the Graduation level of examination, in any discipline, along with proficiency in various Computer Programs and languages like Java, C++, C, COBOL, FORTRAN, ALGOL, etc., is necessary in order to work as an Application Programmer. The minimum qualification required to work as a System Analyst is the successful completion of the Graduation level of examination along with knowledge about various systems and prevailing trends in the industry. Apart from that, one should also have proficiency in a number of Computer Languages and Programs.
One should be technology – driven and have a profound love for working with computers. One should have strong mathematical skills. Ability to think critically and analytically and the ability to reason logically are the other qualities required in this field. One should be efficient and hard working and have the ability to work in a team. Good communication skills are required to interact with and understand the needs of the clients and deliver software programs that would meet their needs.
One should be intelligent with deep and high concentration and have skills in numeracy, imagination, patience and persistence. One should be able to sit for long hours at a computer terminal and should be able to meet deadlines and targets.
Computer Software Development Courses :
Various, courses in software technology are available in engineering colleges and other universities across the country. Reputed engineering colleges provide courses in software engineering while many universities provide courses leading to BCA ( Bachelor of Computer Applications ) and MCA ( Master of Computer Applications ) degrees.
A large number of private institutes across the country also offer courses in Software Technology to the eligible candidates. Some of the noted institutes offering course in software technology are the NIIT, Aptech, Tata Unisys, etc., these institutes have their branches spread out all over India.
If one studies in a private institute, one should ensure that the institute is accredited by the DOEACC ( Department of, Electronic Accreditation for Computer Courses ). One can go in for the DOEACC – accredited courses, which are available at different levels – from ‘O’, and ‘A’ levels to advanced courses at ‘B’ and ‘C’ levels.
The authorized training partners of big software multinationals like IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and Lotus also conduct courses in software technology. After completion of a course at any of these institutes, one will be required to go through a certified examination, which is recognized worldwide.
Prospects for Computer Software Development :
The 21st century is the age of computers and software professional has no dearth of opportunities in terms of work. According to NASSCOM, the domestic IT software market is expected to grow by about 1, 000 core in between 2005 and 2009.
In India, the IT industry can be divided into three major areas – Indian IT services and consulting companies like Wipro, Infosys, TCs, etc., multinational IT service companies like Hewlett Packard, Accenture and Microsoft; and research and development companies like Intel, Microsoft, Oracle, etc. The best engineering graduates in the electronics or computer science streams from the IITs and NITs find recruitment in the product research and development companies.
On the other hand, engineering graduates from any stream, and confidence, easily find recruitment in IT service companies. One can work in a number of positions in the IT sector, which is growing by leaps and bounds. One can work as a Software Engineer in any of the large Software companies operating in India. Many small companies also employ Software Engineers, though at a lower pay scale than the large companies like Infosys, Wipro, etc., If one is talented enough, one can get a job in a company like the Microsoft or Sun Microsystems.
One can start one’s career in the IT industry as a trainee Software Engineer. In this position – which one will be taking up directly after passing one’s engineering degree – one will be required to work in the first level of back – end jobs in the IT industry. Work in Software Designing Houses, Software Development and the Handling of Software Systems and Applications are some of the areas where Software Engineer generally works.
Many Software Engineer work to customize data and facilitate the use of software in managing the flow of data. Software job opportunities are available in banks and insurance companies; as well as in telecommunication firms. Indian Software Engineers have worked sincerely to create a special niche for themselves in the world of Software.
As the superior quality of Indian Software Engineers has been established worldwide, a large number of overseas computer companies are hiring Indian Software Engineers in their organizations. Every fourth Software Engineer in the world is an Indian. Indian Software Engineers employed with big Indian software companies like Infosys, Sat yam or Wipro, etc., are often sent abroad to handle overseas projects.
As the world is increasingly getting digitized and computerized, the demand for software professionals is increasing steadily and will increase even more in the years to come. The software sector is one of the powerful engines driving the Indian economy and in the next few years, it is expected to throw up millions of job opportunities. These job opportunities would primarily be in the applications sector and in some specialized sectors like embedded software.
One should keep oneself abreast with the latest tools and programming practices in order to ensure success in this rapidly expanding field. In an IT company, one has to start as a trainee Software Engineer in which position, one will be required to do software development, write codes and even do the maintenance work. Next, one is promoted to the position of a senior Software Engineer in which one is responsible for the end – to – end development of software.
The position of the Project Leader is the next rung in which one is responsible to deliver the project on time. The senior most position in this industry is that of a Project Manager. However, if one does not want to make a foray into management, one can work as a Technical Architect and share the same seniority level as that of a Project Manager. A technical Architect designs the software application and handles the technical organization of the project.
Software Engineering is a field, which offers high awards in terms of salaries. Even fresher are paid very good salaries in this industry. One will be paid a starting salary ranging between 12,000 to 30,000 per month when one starts one’s career as a Software Programmer, Systems Analyst, Product Designer or Software Engineer. In a product research and development company, one will earn a starting salary ranging between 30,000 to 50,000 per month.
For fresh Software Engineers in the IT services sector, the salary ranges between 12,000 to 25,000 per month. In embedded software, the salary ranges between 6 lakh to 8 lakh per annum. Even higher salaries are paid in big companies like Infosys and TCS while overseas companies hire Software Engineers at really fabulous salaries.
One’s salary goes on increasing with work experience in this industry. With a few years of work experience under one’s belt, one can own. For an entrepreneur in this industry, the sky is the limit in terms of making money.