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Status of Agriculture in India
In 2007 – 08, India achieved a record food grain production of 227 million tonnes, posting a growth of 10 to 12 million tonnes in excess of the previous fiscal. With an added two to three million tonnes during the Rabi season, it would touch 230 million tonnes a landmark in food grain production.
The agri-biotech sector in India is growing at a whopping 30 per cent since the last five years, and it is likely to sustain the growth in the future as well. The food processing sector, which contributes 9 per cent to the GDP, is presently growing at 13.5 per cent against 6.5 per cent in 2003 – 04, and is going to be an important driver of the Indian economy.
India is the largest producer of coconuts, mangoes, bananas, milk and dairy products, cashew nuts, pulses, ginger, turmeric and black pepper. It is also the second largest producer of rice, wheat, sugar, cotton, fruits and vegetables.
Agricultural production is likely to increase significantly during fiscal year 2009. Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy ( CMIE ) has projected a growth of 3.2 per cent during fiscal year 2009, for the GDP of agriculture and allied sectors.
The allied sectors comprising livestock, forestry and logging, and fishing are likely to see a growth of 4.8 per cent during fiscal year 2009. India’s exports of agricultural and processed food products posted a 38 per cent increase in the 2007 – 08 fiscal, bolstered by an increase in shipments of coarse cereals like maize, jowar and barley.
Export figures for agricultural products touched US$ 6.59 billion in 2007 – 08, against US$ 4.79 billion in the previous fiscal. Acreage under horticulture which includes fruits, vegetables, spices, floriculture, and plantations was around 20 million hectares in 2006 – 07.
India is the second largest producer of both fruits and vegetables in the world and the National Horticulture Mission ( NHM ) AIMS at doubling horticulture production by 2012.
- India is the largest producer of milk in the world, and is likely to become the second largest dairy products producer in the coming years.
- It is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables.
- It is home to the largest number of livestock in the world.
- It is the third largest producer of food grains.
- It has the third largest output offish.
- With above 9500 spices from medicinal and aromatic plants, India is truly a treasure trove of spices, accounting for 25-30 per cent of the world’s production.
- India is the largest producer consumer and exporter of spices, with major spices produced being black pepper, cardamom (small & large), ginger, garlic, turmeric, chili etc.